What is the history of lathe development?


What is the history of lathe development?

The ancient lathe was made by hand or foot, rotating the workpiece through a rope, and cutting with a hand held tool.

In 1797, the British mechanical inventor Mozley created a modern lathe with a screw drive tool holder. In 1800, an exchange gear was used to change the feed speed and the pitch of the thread being machined. In 1817, another Englishman Roberts used a four-stage pulley and back wheel mechanism to change the spindle speed.

In order to improve the degree of mechanization automation, in 1845, Fitch in the United States invented the turret lathe.

In 1848, the United States again showed a return lathe

In 1873, Spencer of the United States made a single-axis automatic lathe, and soon he made a three-axis automatic lathe.

At the beginning of the 20th century, a lathe with a gearbox driven by a separate motor appeared.

After the First World War, various efficient automatic lathes and specialized lathes developed rapidly due to the needs of the arms, automobiles and other machinery industries. In order to increase the productivity of small batches of workpieces, lathes with hydraulic profiling devices were promoted in the late 1940s, and multi-tool lathes were also developed. In the mid-1950s, program-controlled lathes with perforated cards, latch plates, and dials were developed. CNC technology began to be used in lathes in the 1960s and has grown rapidly since the 1970s.

Previous:What is a CNC lathe?

Next:What are the components of the lathe?